Friday, January 1, 2021

A Survival Guide to Overcome and Recover from a Food Allergy

 A Survival Guide to Overcome and Recover from a Food Allergy

Selective eating… you are to undergo such a phase when you are allergic to some kinds of food and beverages. A food allergy is the body’s immunologic reaction due to the presence of food protein.  

Nowadays, there are several reading materials to help you understand the things you need to know about food allergy. One such example is the book called “5 Years without Food: The Food Allergy Survival Guide: How to Overcome Your Food Allergies and Recover Good Healthy.” The book discusses overview of food allergy as well as the foods which you can and cannot eat and its alternatives. Additionally, you will also learn some necessary food allergy treatment from the book. Furthermore, “a personal testimonial” from the author makes the book credible as reviewed by readers. 

Aside from the information which can be derived from the book, here are some helpful additional ideas you might want to add in your collection of thoughts. 

Commonly, adults are allergic to foods such as eggs, tree nuts, peanuts, shellfish and fish. Kids, on the other hand, are inflicted with allergies to peanuts, milk and eggs. If you are aware that you have food allergy, what you need to undertake is to be well-informed about the allergy you have. By doing so, you will be able to overcome and recover from such allergy. 

Some types of food allergies will be discussed for further reference: 

Egg Allergy 

An individual afflicted with the said allergy is hypersensitive to foods containing substance from eggs – the white or the yolk. 

For some time, you are restricted to consume foods containing eggs. These days, there are egg substitutes which you can use such as tapioca and starch from potatoes. Apple sauce can also be an alternative.  

Nut Allergy

People who are oversensitive to tree nuts end up experiencing allergic attacks. Nut allergy should not be interchanged with peanut allergy. It is different from the latter since tree nuts are considered fruits that are dry. 

Types of food prepared from soy nuts are considered to be a good alternative in the absence of tree nuts in your diet. A soy nut is not necessarily a nut; it is a soybean which undergoes the process of soaking and baking to achieve its crisp end result. 

Milk Allergy 

There are individuals who upon ingestion of proteins from a cow’s milk develop an allergic reaction. When this happens, such individuals are considered to be allergic in milk. 

To obtain optimum result from milk allergy treatment, you need to completely avoid milk allergens. In order for you to fill in nutritional gap from milk, you can choose to include soy milk or rice milk in your diet.  

Seafood Allergy

If you are hypersensitive to foods such as shellfish or flaky fishes then you are most likely allergic to seafood. 

The only way to avoid allergic attacks is prevention from eating shellfish and fishes which you are allergic into. Moreover, you also need to be careful on selecting pre-packaged foods for its labeling may not declare that it contains seafood ingredients such as shellfish or fish. 

There is a reason for you to undergo selective eating. It will make you overcome the allergic reaction which is happening into your system. Moreover, it will help you recover and survive. To some extent, it will help you cease your food allergy. Selective eating may vary. Some food allergies are treated on a short-term; others are not treated in their lifetime. 


Friday, May 15, 2020

DoD, HHS award contract enabling prefilled syringes for future COVID-19 vaccine


DoD, HHS award contract enabling prefilled syringes for future COVID-19 vaccine

 COVID-19u.s. departments of protection (dod) and fitness and human offerings (HHS) provided a $138 million settlement to project systems the USA for undertaking jumpstart and rapid u.s.,  programs designed to amplify u.s. manufacturing of scientific-grade injection gadgets.

the agreement will create u.s.-primarily based supply chain for prefilled syringes via using blow-fill-seal (bfs) aseptic plastics manufacturing era, appropriate for combatting COVID-19 while a vaccine becomes available. with the aid of upgrading existing home bfs facilities with installations of filling-line and technical enhancements, the venture will enable the manufacture of extra than one hundred million prefilled syringes for distribution across America with the aid of 12 months-quit 2020.

“The agreement also enables project systems America to boost up the launch of speedy u.s. manufactured in new and permanent u.s.-based totally of centers with the final production intention of over 500 million prefilled syringes (doses) in 2021. this effort can be performed, to begin within Connecticut, South Carolina, and Illinois, with ability enlargement to other u.s.-based locations. fast will offer increased lifesaving functionality in opposition to future national health emergencies that require populace-scale vaccine administration on a pressing foundation,” lt. col. mike Andrews, department of protection spokesman, said.

this initiative will assist lower u.s. dependence on offshore deliver chains and its reliance on older technology with a lot longer manufacturing lead times.

Sunday, April 5, 2020

Coronavirus breakthrough: Scientists begin landmark study into how COVID 19 spreads

Coronavirus breakthrough: Scientists begin landmark study into how COVID 19 spreads


A LEADING virologist has voiced doubts on how the coronavirus is spreading.

Professor Hendrik Streeck, director of the Institute of Virology at the University Hospital in Bonnhas, and his colleagues has launched an antibody study in the German region of Heinsberg.
The region has reportedly been nicknamed “Germany’s Wuhan”, in reference to the Chinese city in which Covid-19 is believed to have originated.
Heinsberg, which borders the Netherlands, is said to be the site of one of Germany’s largest outbreaks of Covid-19.
Prof Streeck’s study was launched on Tuesday morning and will look at 1,000 people in the area.
Scientists will go into hundreds of households, hospitals and more to try and find out more about how the infection has spread.
For example, the extent to which pets can spread it, how much children pass it on to adults, or how it may spread from TV remotes and door handles.

Some early reports at this stage of the investigation are already emerging.
The Telegraph reports that Prof Streeck has said the home of an infected family “did not have any live virus on any surface,” such as door knobs or the pet cat.
He also said that Covid-19 may not be spread as easily as people believe, the Telegraph claims.
However, a US medical group has recently  to the contrary, stating that the virus could be spread to others simply by breathing or talking.


And the US’ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that Covid-19 is “spreading very easily” – though not as efficiently as measles.
Antibody tests could help inform researchers on cases in young people – such as whether they typically get mild cases and are less likely to be tested, or whether they are less likely to even get the virus at all, according to Science magazine.
Prof Streeck said in a parliament meeting: “If there are ways of preventing the illness from spreading in our environment, we want to know what they are,
with the goal of finding out how we can freely move about in the environment together,” the Guardian reports.

He added that the team’s findings could be used to help inform politicians on how to make the best decisions on how to deal with the pandemic – and possibly how to reduce the severity of lockdowns.
Meanwhile, the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) currently says that: “There is not enough epidemiological information at this time to determine how easily this virus spreads between people, but it is currently estimated that, on average, one infected person will infect between two and three other people.”
The lack of information about exactly how Covid-19 is spread – and how easily – has led to renewed discussion about the use of face masks in the general public.
US authorities are considering recommending face coverings for the general public, according to reports.
The World Health Organisation currently advises healthy people only to wear a  if they are taking care of someone with a suspected Covid-19 infection or if they are sick – particularly with Covid-19 symptoms.
The virus is continuing to spread quickly around the world, with 1 million global infections reported yesterday.
In the UK, Health Secretary Matt Hancock recently made a new pledge to conduct 100,000 Covid-19 tests per day in England by the end of the month, according to reports.


Monday, March 23, 2020





The COVID-19 pandemic is forcing governments and news sources to provide the most accurate and helpful advice to the world's population, as the disease is indeed global in reach. Health care professionals are in high demand, and so too are scientists who study the transmission and effect of pandemics.
Experts like immunologist Dr. Anthony Fauci and medical reporter Dr. Sanjay Gupta are saying that good hygiene and quarantining, or the practice of isolating from others in the hope of preventing the spread of contagious diseases, are the most effective tools to contain COVID-19.
Do you know who else suggested good hygiene and quarantining during a pandemic?
Muhammad, the prophet of Islam, over 1,300 years ago.
While he is by no means a "traditional" expert on matters of deadly diseases, Muhammad nonetheless had sound advice to prevent and combat a development like COVID-19.
Muhammad said: "If you hear of an outbreak of plague in a land, do not enter it; but if the plague outbreaks out in a place while you are in it, do not leave that place."
He also said: "Those with contagious diseases should be kept away from those who are healthy."
Muhammad also strongly encouraged human beings to adhere to hygienic practices that would keep people safe from infection. Consider the following hadiths, or sayings of Prophet Muhammad:

"Cleanliness is part of faith."
"Wash your hands after you wake up; you do not know where your hands have moved while you sleep."
"The blessings of food lie in washing hands before and after eating."
And what if someone does fall ill? What kind of advice would Muhammad provide to his fellow human beings who are suffering from pain?
He would encourage people to always seek medical treatment and medication: "Make use of medical treatment," he said, "for God has not made a disease without appointing a remedy for it, with the exception of one disease—old age."

Perhaps most importantly, he knew when to balance faith with reason. In recent weeks, some have gone so far as to suggest that prayer would be better at keeping you from the coronavirus than adhering to basic rules of social distancing and quarantine. How would Prophet Muhammad respond to the idea of prayer as the chief—or only—form of medicine?
Consider the following story, related to us by ninth-century Persian scholar Al-Tirmidhi: One day, Prophet Muhammad noticed a Bedouin man leaving his camel without tying it. He asked the Bedouin, "Why don't you tie down your camel?" The Bedouin answered, "I put my trust in God." The Prophet then said, "Tie your camel first, then put your trust in God."
Muhammad encouraged people to seek guidance in their religion, but he hoped they take basic precautionary measures for the stability, safety and well-being of all.
In other words, he hoped people would use their common sense.
Dr. Craig Considine is a scholar, professor, global speaker, and media contributor based at the Department of Sociology at Rice University. He is the author of The Humanity of Muhammad: A Christian View (Blue Dome Press, 2020), and Islam in America: Exploring the Issues (ABC-CLIO 2019), among others.
The views expressed in this article are the author's own.


An ancient drug for malaria may be the key to overcoming the Coronavirus

An ancient drug for malaria may be the key to overcoming the Coronavirus

French magazine Lonouville Observator said that news has been circulated that Chloroquine, an anti-malarial drug that has been in use for 70 years, has improved the situation of about 100 patients with the new Coronavirus (Covid-19) in China.
In an article in the magazine, the author, Jean-Paul Fritz, said that the drug chloroquine that appeared during the Second World War was designed to fight malaria, but that some parasites that cause malaria developed resistance in many countries to this drug, although the drug is still widely used, Alone or in conjunction with other antimalarials.
However, what the author saw more surprisingly, that chloroquine is included in the composition of other drugs used in the treatment of various diseases, far from the parasites that were designed for them, so that it appears in a combination of drugs used to treat some types of cancer.
"More than ten clinical trials have been launched over the past 10 years to  test the potential of chloroquine as an adjunctive treatment to treatment-resistant cancers, including one of the most aggressive cancers," says Patrick Weerhaeuser, of the University of Bradford's Institute of Therapeutic Cancer. From strong evidence of the effectiveness and safety of chloroquine, the mechanisms to suppress the tumor underlying its effect remain elusive. "

What about "Covid-19"?

Two Chinese studies reported the successful use of chloroquine to treat cases of pneumonia, with three researchers from Chengdu University and Hospital highlighting "its apparent efficacy and acceptable safety against pneumonia associated with coronavirus" Covid-19 "in clinical trials conducted in the country.
After preliminary studies in the laboratory, it was found that chloroquine prevented infection at low concentrations, after doctors treated patients with this drug in ten hospitals in different regions of China, including Wuhan and Beijing.
These scientists confirmed that "the results of more than a hundred patients have shown so far, that chloroquine is superior in the treatment of preventing exacerbation of pneumonia," noting that there is no harmful effect.

The author said that "the anti-viral and anti-inflammatory chloroquine activity could explain its efficacy in treating patients with pneumonia associated with Covid 19", and therefore scientists recommended the inclusion of chloroquine in future versions of the official recommendations of the Chinese National Health Committee.
In the same context, scientists from Guangdong Province said they have found that "treating patients - who have been diagnosed with corona - with chloroquine can improve treatment success rates, shorten hospital stays and improve patient outcomes."

However, Olivier Bouchard, head of the Department of Infectious and Tropical Diseases at the Avisin Hospital, warns, "We cannot say using chloroquine now to treat patients with coronavirus, even if we know it well."
Orno Fontane, an epidemiologist at the Pasteur Institute, commented, "We have just been told it shortens the duration of positive tests and possibly the recovery of patients, but this information is insufficient at this time."


Thursday, March 19, 2020

Coronavirus and paracetamol: are you able to take paracetamol for coronavirus?

Coronavirus and paracetamol: are you able to take paracetamol for coronavirus?

Coronavirus and paracetamol: are you able to take paracetamol for coronavirus?

CORONAVIRUS has put countries on lockdown as cases still grow around the world. except for those infected, are you able to take paracetamol for coronavirus?
Coronavirus cases are growing daily, and within the UK now unprecedented measures are in situ to stop further spread of the virus. Britons are being advised to undertake social distancing, avoiding social situations, large gatherings, and unnecessary travel.

Across the united kingdom, there are 2,626 cases of coronavirus - official name COVID-19 - and 103 people have died from the virus.

To safeguard vulnerable groups, Prime Minister Boris Johnson called on the united kingdom to figure from home where possible, practice social distancing and self-isolate if any member of the household displays symptoms.

Coronavirus causes a dry cough, shortness of breath and fever - however, some people can have worse symptoms than others.

In extreme cases, COVID-19 can cause pneumonia and even organ failure.

For the lesser symptoms - coughing and fever - the govt ask sufferers to stay reception, and not seek advice unless your condition worsens. However, if you are feeling yourself getting worse, then contact NHS 111.
Can you take paracetamol for coronavirus?
For those managing their symptoms reception, the NHS advises to "drink much water and take everyday painkillers, like paracetamol to assist together with your symptoms."

Paracetamol is employed to alleviate pain and reduce fever, so can help alleviate some symptoms.

Chief scientific adviser Sir Patrick Vallance suggested on Tuesday people shouldn't take ibuprofen.

French health minister Olivier Veran has suggested anti-inflammatory drugs could worsen the infection.

Sir Patrick told MPs: "The ibuprofen example - it's going to or might not be right, I do not know, but the sensible thing to try to would be to mention don't take it at the instant, take something else - paracetamol or something."

As yet there's no cure for coronavirus, only managing the symptoms which arise.
If you're staying reception as you're feeling unwell, the NHS advises

try to keep a minimum of 2 meters (3 steps) from people in your home, particularly people over 70, or those with long-term health conditions
ask friends, family and delivery services to deliver things like food shopping and medicines but leave them outside
sleep alone, if possible
regularly wash your hands with soap and warm water for a minimum of 20 seconds
drink much water and take everyday painkillers, like paracetamol to assist together with your symptoms.

Due to increased demand, the NHS advises only calling 111 if you can't receive help online.

Do not attend a hospital, GP surgery or walk-in-center as this might spread the virus further.

If you would like further advice on managing symptoms to check the NHS website here.
Is there a coronavirus vaccine?

As yet there's no vaccine for coronavirus, however, UK scientists are performing on a coronavirus vaccine aimed toward preventing outbreaks almost like the COVID-19 pandemic.

Researchers from the University of Plymouth have made progress in developing vaccines designed to stop infections from jumping from animals to humans.

Researchers at The Vaccine Group (TVG), a university spinout company, are now looking to make a vaccine to stop future human coronaviruses that have spread from animals.
Coronaviruses are zoonotic, which suggests they're carried in animals and may transfer across to humans.

Dr Michael Jarvis, TVG's chief scientific officer, said: "As COVID-19 has shown, the spillover of disease from animals to humans can have a really high social, economic and commercial cost globally.

Coronavirus and paracetamol

"Naturally, there has been a swift enter funding the event of human vaccines and therapeutics, but so far, we aren't conscious of any approaches to eliminate COVID-19 within the animal population to stop future outbreaks or re-emergence of the disease."

He added the animal species involved within the recent emergence remains unclear, and a vaccine like this might be vital for control of COVID-19 also as other emerging coronaviruses.


Wednesday, February 26, 2020

coronaviruses (COVID-19)

 coronaviruses (COVID-19)

What is a coronavirus?

Coronaviruses are an outsized family of viruses which will cause illness in animals or humans. In humans, several coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections starting from the cold to more severe diseases like Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). the foremost recently discovered coronavirus causes coronavirus disease COVID-19.

What is COVID-19?

 COVID-19 is that the communicable disease caused by the foremost recently discovered coronavirus. This new virus and disease were unknown before the outbreak began in Wuhan, China, in December 2019.

 What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

 The most common symptoms of COVID-19 are fever, tiredness, and dry cough. Some patients may have aches and pains, nasal congestion, runny nose, pharyngitis or diarrhea. These symptoms are usually mild and start gradually. Some people become infected but don’t develop any symptoms and do not feel unwell. most of the people (about 80%) get over the disease without having special treatment. Around 1 out of each 6 people that gets COVID-19 becomes seriously ill and develops difficulty breathing. Older people, and people with underlying medical problems like high vital sign , heart problems or diabetes, are more likely to develop serious illness. About 2% of individuals with the disease have died. People with fever, cough and difficulty breathing should seek medical attention.

How does COVID-19 spread?

 People can catch COVID-19 from others who have the virus. The disease can spread from person to person through small droplets from the nose or mouth which are spread when an individual with COVID-19 coughs or exhales. These droplets land on objects and surfaces around the person. people then catch COVID-19 by touching these objects or surfaces, then touching their eyes, nose or mouth. People also can catch COVID-19 if they inhale droplets from an individual with COVID-19 who coughs out or exhales droplets. this is often why it's important to remain quite 1 meter (3 feet) faraway from an individual who is sick.

WHO is assessing ongoing research on the ways COVID-19 is spread and can still share updated findings.

Can the virus that causes COVID-19 to be transmitted through the air?
Studies so far suggest that the virus that causes COVID-19 is especially transmitted through contact with respiratory droplets instead of through the air. See the previous answer on “How does COVID-19 spread?”

Can CoVID-19 be caught from an individual who has no symptoms?
The main way the disease spreads is through respiratory droplets expelled by someone who is coughing. the danger of catching COVID-19 from someone with no symptoms in the least is extremely low. However, many of us with COVID-19 experience only mild symptoms. this is often particularly true at the first stages of the disease. it's, therefore, possible to catch COVID-19 from someone who has, for instance, just a light cough and doesn't feel ill. WHO is assessing ongoing research on the amount of transmission of COVID-19 and can still share updated findings.

Can I catch COVID-19 from the feces of somebody with the disease?
The risk of catching COVID-19 from the feces of an infected person appears below. While initial investigations suggest the virus could also be present in feces in some cases, spread through this route isn't a main feature of the outbreak. WHO is assessing ongoing research on the ways COVID-19 is spread and can still share new findings. Because this is often a risk, however, it's one more reason to wash hands regularly, after using the toilet and before eating.

What can I do to protect myself and prevent the spread of disease?

 Protection measures for everybody
Stay conscious of the newest information on the COVID-19 outbreak, available on the WHO website and through your national and native public health authority. COVID-19 remains affecting most people in China with some outbreaks in other countries. most of the people who become infected experience mild illness and recover, but it is often more severe for others. lookout of your health and protect others by doing the following:

Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water.
Why? Washing your hands with soap and water or using alcohol-based hand rub kills viruses that will get on your hands.
Maintain a minimum of 1 meter (3 feet) distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
Why? When someone coughs or sneezes they spray small liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which can contain a virus. If you're too close, you'll inhale the droplets, including the COVID-19 virus if the person coughing has the disease.
Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth.
Why? Hands touch many surfaces and may devour viruses. Once contaminated, hands can transfer the virus to your eyes, nose or mouth. From there, the virus can enter your body and may cause you to sick.
Make sure you, and therefore the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. this suggests covering your mouth and nose together with your bent elbow or tissue once you cough or sneeze. Then eliminate the used tissue immediately.
Why? Droplets spread the virus. By following good respiratory hygiene you protect the people around you from viruses like cold, flu and COVID-19.
Stay home if you are feeling unwell. If you've got a fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical attention and call beforehand. Follow the directions of your local health authority.
Why? National and native authorities will have the foremost up so far information on things in your area. Calling beforehand will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the proper clinic. this may also protect you and help prevent the spread of viruses and other infections.
Stay informed on the newest developments about COVID-19. Follow the advice given by your healthcare provider, your national and native public health authority or your employer on the way to protect yourself et al. from COVID-19.
Why? National and native authorities will have the foremost up so far information on whether COVID-19 is spreading in your area. they're best placed to advise on what people in your area should be doing to guard themselves.
Protection measures for persons who are in or have recently visited (past 14 days) areas where COVID-19 is spreading
Follow the guidance outlined above. (Protection measures for everyone)
Stay at home if you start to feel unwell, even with mild symptoms like headache and slight runny nose, until you recover.
Why? Avoiding contact with others and visits to medical facilities will allow these facilities to work more effectively and help protect you et al. from possible COVID-19 and other viruses.

If you develop fever, cough and difficulty breathing, seek medical advice promptly as this might flow from a respiratory tract infection or other serious condition. Call beforehand and tell your provider of any recent travel or contact with travelers.
Why? Calling beforehand will allow your health care provider to quickly direct you to the proper clinic. this may also help to stop the possible spread of COVID-19 and other viruses.

How likely am I to catch COVID-19?

 The risk depends on where you reside or where you've got traveled recently. the danger of infection is higher in areas where a variety of people are diagnosed with COVID-19. quite 95% of all COVID-19 cases are occurring in China, with the bulk of these in Hubei Province. For people in most other parts of the planet, your risk of getting COVID-19 is currently low, however, it’s important to remember things and preparedness efforts in your area.

WHO is functioning with health authorities in China and around the world to watch and answer COVID-19 outbreaks.

Should I worry about COVID-19?

 If you're not in a neighborhood where COVID-19 is spreading, or if you've got not traveled from one among those areas or haven't been in close contact with someone who has and is feeling unwell, your chances of getting it are currently low. However, it’s understandable that you simply may feel stressed and anxious about things. It’s an honest idea to urge the facts to assist you accurately determine your risks in order that you'll take reasonable precautions. Your healthcare provider, your national public health authority and your employer are all potential sources of accurate information on COVID-19 and whether it's in your area. it's important to be told of things where you reside and take appropriate measures to guard yourself. (See Protection measures for everyone).

If you're in a neighborhood where there's an epidemic of COVID-19 you would like to require the danger of infection seriously. Follow the recommendation issued by national and native health authorities. Although for many people COVID-19 causes only mild illness, it can make some people very ill. More rarely, the disease is often fatal. Older people and people with pre-existing medical conditions (such as high vital signs, heart problems or diabetes) appear to be more vulnerable. (See Protection measures for persons who are in or have recently visited (past 14 days) areas where COVID-19 is spreading).

Who is at risk of developing severe illness?

 While we are still learning about how COVID-2019 affects people, older persons and persons with pre-existing medical conditions (such as high vital signs, a heart condition, or diabetes) appear to develop serious illness more often than others.

Are antibiotics effective in preventing or treating the COVID-19?

 No. Antibiotics don't work against viruses, they only work on bacterial infections. COVID-19 is caused by an epidemic, so antibiotics don't work. Antibiotics shouldn't be used as a way of prevention or treatment of COVID-19. they ought to only be used as directed by a physician to treat a bacterial infection.

Is there a vaccine, drug or treatment for COVID-19?

 Not yet. To date, there's no vaccine and no specific antiviral medicine to stop or treat COVID-2019. However, those affected should receive care to alleviate symptoms. People with serious illnesses should be hospitalized. Most patients recover because of supportive care.

Possible vaccines and a few specific drug treatments are under investigation. they're being tested through clinical trials. WHO is coordinating efforts to develop vaccines and medicines to stop and treat COVID-19.

The most effective ways to guard yourself et al. against COVID-19 are to frequently clean your hands, cover your cough with the bend of elbow or tissue, and maintain a distance of a minimum of 1 meter (3 feet) from people that are coughing or sneezing. For more information, see basic protective measures against the new coronavirus.

Is COVID-19 the same as SARS?

  No. The virus that causes COVID-19 and therefore the one that causes Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) are associated with one another genetically, but they're different. SARS is more deadly but much less infectious than COVID-19. There are no outbreaks of SARS anywhere within the world since 2003.

Should I wear a mask to protect myself?

People with no respiratory symptoms, like cough, don't get to wear a medical mask. WHO recommends the utilization of masks for people that have symptoms of COVID-19 and for those caring for people who have symptoms, like cough and fever. the utilization of masks is crucial for doctors and other people who are taking care of somebody (at home or during a health care facility).

WHO advises the rational use of medical masks to avoid unnecessary wastage of precious resources and misuse of masks (see Advice on the utilization of masks). Use a mask as long as you've got respiratory symptoms (coughing or sneezing), have suspected COVID-19 infection with mild symptoms, or are caring for somebody with suspected COVID-19 infection. A suspected COVID-19 infection is linked to travel in areas where cases are reported, or close contact with someone who has traveled in these areas and has become ill.

The most effective ways to guard yourself et al. against COVID-19 are to frequently clean your hands, cover your cough with the bend of elbow or tissue and maintain a distance of a minimum of 1 meter (3 feet) from people that are coughing or sneezing. For more information, see basic protective measures against the new coronavirus.

How to put on, use, take off and dispose of a mask?

  1. Remember, a mask should only be used by health workers, care takers, and individuals with respiratory symptoms, such as fever and cough.
  2. Before touching the mask, clean hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or soap and water
  3. Take the mask and inspect it for tears or holes.
  4. Orient which side is the top side (where the metal strip is).
  5. Ensure the proper side of the mask faces outwards (the coloured side).
  6. Place the mask to your face. Pinch the metal strip or stiff edge of the mask so it moulds to the shape of your nose.
  7. Pull down the mask’s bottom so it covers your mouth and your chin.
  8. After use, take off the mask; remove the elastic loops from behind the ears while keeping the mask away from your face and clothes, to avoid touching potentially contaminated surfaces of the mask.
  9. Discard the mask in a closed bin immediately after use.
  10. Perform hand hygiene after touching or discarding the mask – Use alcohol-based hand rub or, if visibly soiled, wash your hands with soap and water.

How long is the incubation period for COVID-19?

 The “incubation period” means the time between catching the virus and starting to have symptoms of the disease. Most estimates of the time period for COVID-19 range from 1-14 days, most ordinarily around five days. These estimates are going to be updated as more data become available.

Can humans become infected with the COVID-19 from an animal source?

Coronaviruses are an outsized family of viruses that are common in animals. Rarely, people get infected with these viruses which can then spread to people . for instance, SARS-CoV was related to civet cats and MERS-CoV is transmitted by dromedary camels. Possible animal sources of COVID-19 haven't yet been confirmed.

To protect yourself, like when visiting live animal markets, avoid direct contact with animals and surfaces in touch with animals. Ensure good food safety practices in the least times. Handle meat, milk or animal organs with care to avoid contamination of uncooked foods and avoid consuming raw or undercooked animal products.

Can I catch COVID-19 from my pet?

 No. there's no evidence that companion animals or pets like cats and dogs are infected or could spread the virus that causes COVID-19.

How long does the virus survive on surfaces?

 It is not certain how long the virus that causes COVID-19 survives on surfaces, but it seems to behave like other coronaviruses. Studies suggest that coronaviruses (including preliminary information on the COVID-19 virus) may persist on surfaces for a couple of hours or up to many days. this might vary under different conditions (e.g. sort of surface, temperature or humidity of the environment).

If you think that a surface could also be infected, clean it with simple disinfectant to kill the virus and protect yourself et al... Clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water. Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, or nose.

Is it safe to receive a package from any area where COVID-19 has been reported?

 Yes. The likelihood of an infected person contaminating commercial goods is low and therefore the risk of catching the virus that causes COVID-19 from a package that has been moved, traveled, and exposed to different conditions and temperatures is additionally low.

Is there anything I should not do?

The following measures aren't effective against COVID-2019 and may be harmful:

  • Smoking
  • Taking traditional herbal remedies
  • Wearing multiple masks
  • Taking self-medication like antibiotics
In any case, if you've got a fever, cough and difficulty breathing seek medical aid early to scale back the danger of developing a more severe infection and make certain to share your recent travel history together with your health care provider.

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